Stephen Crane Village
Kretchmer Homes
Seth Boyden
Millard Terrell
Hyatt Court

Did You Know? (Interesting facts about NHA)

Stephen Crane Village


The Stephen Crane Village, established in 1940, was named for Newark-native Stephen Crane (born 1871).  Crane, an outstanding author, lived a short life and became recognized as a literary legend in the years following his death.  At the age of 21, he wrote The Red Badge of Courage, a novel depicting the Civil War.  The book won international acclaim and is still considered to be a masterpiece.

Crane's stories are often inspired by his personal experience.  For example, "The Open Boat" was inspired by Crane's experience of being shipwrecked off of the Florida Coast while en route to Cuba.  Crane set out to faithfully write about the Bowery and its residents in "Maggie, A Girl of the Streets".  He hung around saloons and street corners to interact with the town people and get a clear sense of the environment and individuals within it.  The publishers initially refused to print the book due to its shocking and daring contents.  The novella was later published following the recognition and success of his other works which includes "The Third Violet", "The Little Regiment", "War is Kind", and many other renowned stories and books.

Crane suffered from a lifelong genetic frailty, and contracted many illnesses while serving in Guantanamo.  Numerous memorable short stories were created during his periods of sickness.  Stephen Crane died at 29 years old in Baden Weiter, Germany on June 5, 1900. 

Pennington Court

                       Pennington Court Playground

Pennington Court, established in 1940, is named after a prominent family in Newark's early history.

William Pennington, son of Governor William Stanford Pennington, was born in Newark May 4, 1796 and held the positions of Chancellor and Governor from 1837 to 1843..

Alexander C.M. Pennington was born in 1810.  He was a member of the House of Representatives and served as Brigadier-General, in which he commanded the Essex Brigade.  His father was Samuel Pennington, a brother of above-mentioned Governor William Stanford Pennington.

Samuel Pennington was born in Newark in 1806.  In addition to his schooling, he studied medicine with his uncle.  He would later succeed the uncle in his medical practice in 1839.  Besides being a renowned physician, he made significant contributions to the field of medical education through numerous writings.  After 17 years as a prominent member of the public school board, he was elected president and remained in the position for 7 years.

They were all descendants of Ephrain Pennington, who was originally from New Haven.

Otto Kretchmer

                 Kretchmer Townhomes, built in 2005.

The original Kretchmer Homes complex, established in 1953, was named for Otto Kretchmer, a well-known citizen of Newark. Kretchmer was a member of the Newark Housing Authority and also President of Peerless Imperial Company. He began work with Imperial as a secretary in 1914, at which time they were called “Imperial Manufacturing Company.” After reorganization, Kretchmer became President. The plant manufactured typewriter ribbons and carbon paper and did an international business.

Kretchmer was a member of the National Association of Manufacturers, Chamber of Commerce, Masons, Elks, and other organizations. Otto Kretchmer died in 1950.

Seth Boyden

                Seth Boyden High-rise Community Room

This complex, established in 1941, was named for Seth Boyden. Boyden was a renowned inventor who was known for his process for casting malleable iron and for manufacturing a form of approved patent leather. His work greatly contributed to the onset of locomotives and railroads by making cast improvements in stationary steam engines. Until his death in 1870, Boyden was continually absorbed with his love for inventing which greatly exceeded any concern for profit.

Millard E. Terrell

This community opened on November 1, 1946 and is located on Riverview Court in the Ironbound Section of Newark. It was originally named for Franklin D. Roosevelt, but it later took the name of one of its tenants, Milliard E. Terrell, an exceptional man who committed his life toward community efforts. Until the time of his death (February 27, 1986), Terrell proved himself to be an outstanding civic leader.

Being one of the first tenants to move into the housing development (he moved in on November 5, 1946 – five days after it opened), Terrell became progressively active throughout the years. He not only helped to organize a tenant league, but in 1973, ex – Mayor Kenneth Gibson appointed him to the N.H.A. Board of Commissioners.

At a rededication ceremony on June 6, 1986 (at which time the site was named after him), he was praised by several government and city officials. Terrell was closely associated with former Newark Housing Authority Director, Milton A. Buck, who had much regard for his input on community matters.

Unavoidably committed to improving the quality of life for his fellow tenants, Terrell developed several programs in the areas of education, health and recreation. He also implemented various social functions and gatherings for senior citizens, as well as sports activities for youngsters.

Terrell had the distinction of not only being the first tenant to have a housing community named after him, but also the first tenant commissioner to be awarded the honor of serving on the NHA’s Board of Commissioners.

Milliard E. Terrell will always be remembered as a responsible citizen and dynamic community leader who made an indelible mark in Newark’s growth with his hard work and dedication.

Hyatt Court

Named for John Wesley Hyatt, this housing community opened in 1942. Hyatt made a significant contribution to Newark’s early history. His invention of celluloid and roller bearers led to the development of two major companies, Hyatt Roller Bearing Company and the Celluloid Corporation. The first automobile had Hyatt’s roller bearings built into them. The Hyatt Roller Bearing Company went on to provide nearly all motorcars and trucks with bearings.

Hyatt’s Celluloid Manufacturing Company was established in 1872. It was found that Hyatt’s plastic could be made into tubes of various colors, sheets, rods, etc. The company moved from Albany to Newark in 1873 and later branched out in 1937 with the main office on Ferry Street. Because of the growth of his firms and his patents for roller bearings and celluloid, John Wesley Hyatt was long remembered after his death in 1920.